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Tuesday, 26 June 2012

KENALI UBAT ANDA DAN KEGUNAANNYA




1. DEMAM (FEVER)


-    TAB. PARACETAMOL (PANADOL) 1000 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. PARACETAMOL 500 MG TDS x 3/7 = KANAK2

-    SY. PARACETAMOL 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = 5 THN

-    SY. PARACETAMOL 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 1 THN


2.  MUNTAH (VOMITTING)


-    TAB. PROCHLORPERAZINE (STEMETIL) 5 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    SY. PROMETHAZINE HCL (PHENERGAN) 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = 5 THN (SELSEMA,BATUK)

-    SY. PROMETHAZINE HCL (PHENERGAN) 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 1 THN (DEMAM,MUNTAH)


3.  BATUK (COUGH)


-    EKSP. DIPHENHYDRAMINE HCL (BENADRYL) 10 ML TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    EKSP. DIPHENHYDRAMINE HCL 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = 5 THN

-    EKSP. DIPHENHYDRAMINE HCL 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 1 THN

-    TAB. BROMHEXINE (BISOLVON) 8 MG TDS 3/7 = DEWASA

-    SY. BROMHEXINE 4MG/5ML TDS x 3/7 = 5 THN

-    SY. BROMHEXINE 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 1 THN


4.  SELSEMA (R/NOSE)


-    TAB. CHLORPHENIRAMINEN MALEATE (PIRITON) 4 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    SY. CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = 5 THN

-    SY. CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE 2.5 ML TDS Xx 3/7 = ! 1 THN

-    CREAM HYDROCORTISON 0.1% = SKIN ALERGIK, GIGITAN SERANGGA SEPERTI TEBUAN

-    CALAMINE LOTION @ CREAM 15 GM BD = GATAL, RUAM JERAWAT, SKIN ALERGIK, BINTIK2 CAMPAK, RASHER


5.  SAKIT KEPALA (HEADACHE)


-    BERI PARACETAMOL DAHULU KECUALI SAKIT KUAT BERI ;
 
-    CAP. MEFENAMIC ACID (PONSTAN) 250 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA [PONSTAN TDK BLH BG KALAU ADA GASTRIK]
 
-    PAIN KILLER

=   SEVERE HEADACHE

=   DEMAM

=   SAKIT URAT

=   SAKIT GIGI

=   SEGUGUT


6.  ULSER PD KAKI


-    AQUOES CREAM 15 GM/ 30 GM BD = KULIT KERING

-    BUSOL FOR LA [ANTIBIOTIK]

-    NEOMYCIN CREAM = KULIT ADA NANAH, KAKI PECAH, BERAIR


7.  MINYAK ANGIN


-    OMS FOR LA

-    TAB. GELUSIL 11/11 TDS x 3/7


8.  SURUT BENGKAK (SWELLING)


-    TAB. PROLASE (PAPASE) 11/11 (10,000 UNIT) TDS x 3/7


9.  SAKIT KULIT (SKIN ILLNESS)


-    LOTION ACRIFLAVIN FOR LA = LUKA

-    SUPP. BISACODY (DULCOLAX) = BUASIR

-    CREAM CLOTRIMAZOLE (CANESTEN) 15 GM BD FOR LA = PANAU, GATAL2

-    TINEA LOTION FOR LA = PANAU, GATAL2

-    CREAM BETAMETHASONE (BETNOVATE) 0.1% FOR LA

-    CREAM ZINC OXIDE FOR LA = BEGUK

-    CREAM SILVER SULPHADIAZINE 1% FOR LA = KULIT MELECUR

-    WHITFIELDS OINMENT = KURAP

-    CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE (THYMOL GARGLE) 0.2% MOUTHWASH = UBAT KUMUR UTK SAKIT TEKAK

-    EBB EMULSION BENZYL BENZOATE FOR LA ON = KUDIS BUTA


10.     BRONKIOL ASTHMA, PENAT, SOB


-    TAB. TERBUTALINE SULP (BRICANYL) 2.5 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. THEOPHYLLINE (NEULIN) 125 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. SALBUTAMOL (VENTOLIN) 2 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    SY. TERBUTALINE1.5 MG/ 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ^ 5 THN

-    SY. TERBUTALINE 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 5 THN

-    SY. THEOPHYLLINE 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ^ 5 THN

-    SY. THEOPHYLLINE 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 5 THN

-    SY SALBUTAMOL 5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ^ 5 THN

-    SY. SALBUTAMOL 2.5 ML TDS x 3/7 = ! 5 THN

-    MDI SALBUTAMOL (RESPOLIN) 2 PUFF PRN

-    MDI BECLOMETHASONE 2 PUFF BD

-    MDI ATROVENT 2 PUFF QID


11.     SAKIT URAT/ LENGOH (JOINT PAIN, BACKACHE, NUMBNESS, MYALGIA/ MUSCULAR PAIN)


-    CAP. INDOMETHACINE (INDOCID) 25 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. MAGNESIUM TRISILICATE (GELUSIL) 2/2 TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. IBUPROFEN (BRUFEN) 200 MG TDS x 3/7 DEWASA

-    TAB. MAGNESIUM TRISILICATE 11/11 TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    B1, B6, B12 11/11 DLY x 1/12 NEUROBION {SARAF} = DEWASA : KEBAS/ LENGUH 1 BADAN


12.     UBAT KUTU


-    BHC SYAMPOO, SERBOMA LOT.


13.     SAKIT MATA/ GATAL/ CONJUNCTIVITIS/ EYE INFECTION


-    CHLORAMPHENICOL 0.5% EYE GUTT QID x 1/52 {ANTIBIOTIK}

-    NORMAL SALINE EYE GUTT


14.     SAKIT TELINGA/ EAR INFECTION


-    SODIUM BICARBONATE, OLIVE OIL (CAIRKAN TAIK TELINGA)

-    CHLORAMPHENICOL 5% EAR DROP QID x 5/7 @ 1/52 {ANTIBIOTIK}


-    NORMAL SALINE EAR DROP

-    OLIVE OIL EAR DROP


15.     SEMBELIT


-    TAB. BISACODY (DULCOLAX) 5 MG 2/2 ON x 5/7 = DEWASA : MENGANDUNG TIDAK BOLEH BAGI

-    RAVIN ENEMA = DEWASA


16.     LETIH, SELSEMA, BIBIR PECAH {FATIGUE, R/NOSE}


-    TAB. ASCORBIC ACID (VIT. C) 50 MG 2/2 DLY x 1/52 = DEWASA & KANAK2
 
-    BONJELA FOR LA – 1/ GLYCERINE


17.     KURANG SELERA MAKAN


-    TAB. VIT B COMPLEX 11/11 DLY x 1/52 = DEWASA & KANAK2


18.     CACING (WORM INFESTATIONS)


-    TAB. ALBENDAZOLE (ZENTAL) 400MG ON STAT DOSE = DEWASA

-    TAB. ZENTAL 400 MG ON STAT DOSE = KANAK2

-    SUSP ZENTAL 200 MG/ 5 ML ON STAT DOSE.10 ML UTK KANAK2

-    BG 1 KALI SHJ UTK 6/12


19.     CIRIT-BIRIT (DIARRHOEA)


-    TAB. ATROPINE SULPHATE 2.5 MG + DIPHENOXYLATE HCL (LOMOTIL) 2.5 MG TDS x 3/7

-    DEWASA& KANAK2

-    ORS 1/1 3 PACKET PRN


20.     SAKIT TEKAK (SORE THROAT)


-    TAB. PARACETAMOL 1000 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA {SAKIT BERI 1-2 HARI}

-    TAB. PARACETAMOL 500 MG TDS x 3/7 = KANAK2 {SAKIT BERI 1-2 HARI}

-    THYMOL GARGLE

-    TAB. ERYTHROMYCINE 400 MG BD x 1/52 = DEWASA {ANTIBIOTIK BAGI KLU LEBIH 3 HARI}

-    SUSP ERYTHROMYCINE 400 MG/ 5 ML BD x 1/52 = BUDAK2 {BAGI KLU LEBIH 3 HARI}


21.     GUSI BENGKAK/ SAKIT MULUT


-    THYMOL GARGLE

-    COMPOUND THYMOL GARGLE

-    TAB. AMOXYCILINE 250 TDS x 1/52


22.     SAKIT MULUT


-    BONJELA GEL


23.     LEPAS T&S, LUKA (WOUND)


-    CAP. CLOXACILLINE SOD (ORBENIN) 500 MG QID 1/52 = DEWASA

-    CAP. CLOXACILLINE SOD 250 MG QID x 1/52 = KANAK2

-    SUSP CLOXACILLINE 125 MG / 5 ML QID x 1/52 = BUDAK2 BWH 5 THN


24.     SAKIT PERUT, PERUT KEMBUNG, MEMULAS, SENAK PERUT (ABD PAIN)


-    MIST MAGNESIUM TRISILICATE (MMT) 10 ML TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. MAGNESIUM TRISILICATE (GELUSIL) 11/11 TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. HYOSCINE BUTYLBROMIDE (BUSCOPAN) 10 MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    SY. HYOSCINE 5MG/ 5ML TDS x 3/7 = BUDAK2


25.     TAMBAH PENGELUARAN AIR KENCING


-    MIST POTASIUM CHOLORIDE CITRATE


26.     DEMAM CAMPAK (CHICKEN POX)


-    TAB. PCM 1000MG TDS x 3/7 = DEWASA

-    TAB. PIRITON 4MG TDS x 3/7 = JIKA GATAL

-    SY. PARACETAMOL 120MG/ 5ML TDS x 3/7 = BUDAK2

-    CALAMINE LOTION FOR LA


27.     KENCING TDK ELOK, SAKIT, KERAP (DYSURIA, POLIURIA, URTI)


-    MIXT POTASIUM CITRATE 10 ML TDS x 3/7 } TGK U-FEME

-    GALAKKAN PATIENT MINUM BANYAK AIR


28.     GATAL2, RASHES, RUAM, BLISTER


-    LOTION CALAMINE FOR LA


29.     GATAL ALERGIK


-    BETNOVATE CREAM FOR LA

-    HYDROCORTISONE (HYDROCORT) CREAM FOR LA


30.     KUDIS + PUS, SKIN INFECTION


-    NEOMYCIN CREAM FOR LA


31.     KUDIS BUTA (SCABBIES)


-    EBB 12% FOR LA


32.     KURAP, PANAU, FUNGUS


-    WHITFIELD OINTMENT FOR LA

-    TINEA LOTION FOR LA

-    CLOTRIMAZOLE 1% CREAM

33.     VITAMIN UTK KANAK2 ! 5 THN


-    SY. MULTIVITAMIN (MVT) 5ML


34.     UBAT KUMUR


-    HIBITANE GARGLE BD = DEWASA SHJ


ANTIBIOTIK & KEGUNAAN UTK ORG DEWASA


1.  TAB. BACAMPICILLINE (PENGLOBE) 400MG BD x 1/52

-    DEMAM LBH 38oc, SAKIT GIGI

-    BROAD SPECTRUM > BLH HAPUSKAN SEMUA JENIS BAKTERIA


2.  CAP. CLOXACILLINE SOD. (ORBENIN) 500MG QID x 1/52

-     SKIN INFECTION, KUDIS, NANAH PECAH = ABSES, SELLULITIS


3.  TAB. GRISEOFULVIN (FULCIN) 125MG QID x 1/52

-     FUNGAL INFECTION, KURAP, PANAU


4.  TAB. SULPHAMETHOXAZOLE TRIMETHOPRIN (BACTRIM) 480MG QID x 1/52 @ TAB. BACTRIM 1/1 BD x 5/7 @ TAB.BACTRIM 11/11 BD x 5/7 

-     UTI [PERLU TGK RESULT U-FEME DAHULU]


ANTIBIOTIK & KEGUNAAN UTK KANAK2


1.  SUSP. AMPICILLINE 125MG /  5ML BD x 1/52

-    DEMAM LBH 38 °C, SAKIT GIGI, SORE THROAT, TONSILITIS, BATUK / DEMAM ^ 1/52


2.  SUSP CLOXACILLINE (SUSP ORBENIN) 125MG / 5ML QID x 1/52

-    SKIN INFECTION, KUDIS ADA NANAH


3.  SUSP ERYTHROMYCINE (SUSP ERYPED) 400MG / 5ML BD x 1/52

-    SAKIT TEKAK, URINARY TRACK INFECTION (UTI)


PERINGATAN


       INDOCID, BRUFEN & MEFENAMIC ACID PERLU BAGI BERSAMA MAGNESIUM TRISILICATE UNTUK NEUTRALKAN ACID DALAM GASTER.


                 BILA NAK BAGI UBAT KEPADA PEREMPUAN, TANYA DULU SAMADA DIA MENGANDUNG ATAU TIDAK.SEBAB UBAT YANG AKAN DIBERI BOLEH MENDATANGKAN KOMPLIKASI KEPADA ANAK DALAM KANDUNGANNYA.


#                     1/7 = 1 HARI
#                     3/7 = 3 HARI
#                     1/52 = 1 MINGGU
#                     3/52 = 3 MINGGU
#                     1/12 = 1 BLN
#                     3/12 = 3 BLN

#                    ON= MALAM
#                    OM=PAGI

#                    DLY=DAILY
#                    BD= 2 TIMES
#                    TDS=3 TIMES
#                     QID=4 TIMES
#                     PRN=WHEN NECESSARY (BILA PERLU)

#         LA=LOCAL APPLICATION (UTK KEGUNAAN LUAR  SAHAJA)

* UBAT- UBAT INI BIASA DIGUNAKAN DI KLINIK KESIHATAN DAN HOSPITAL-KKM (KEMENTERIAN KESIHATAN MALAYSIA)



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